- Resource Centre
- Library for health research reporting
- Reporting Guidelines
- Experimental studies
- Observational studies
- Diagnostic accuracy studies
- Biospecimen reporting
- Reliability and agreement studies
- Systematic reviews and meta-analysis
- Qualitative research
- Mixed methods studies
- Economic evaluations
- Quality improvement studies
- Other reporting guidelines
- Reporting data
- Statistical methods and analyses
- Sections of research reports
- Specific conditions or procedures
- Reporting guidelines under development
- Reporting guidelines in other research fields
- Guidance on scientific writing
- Guidance developed by editorial groups
- Research funders' guidance on reporting requirements
- Industry sponsored research - additional guidance
- Research ethics, publication ethics and good practice guidelines
- Development and maintenance of reporting guidelines
- Editorials introducing RGs
- Examples of guidelines for peer reviewers
- Case studies: RG implementation
- Examples of good research reporting
- EQUATOR 'pick'
- Reporting Guidelines
- Authors of research reports
- Editors and peer reviewers
- Reporting guidelines developers
- Promote responsible reporting
- Monitoring use of our resources
Quick links to reporting guidelines:
- CONSORT checklist and flow diagram
- CONSORT extensions
- TREND checklist
- STARD checklist & flow diagram
- STROBE checklists
- PRISMA checklist and flow diagram
- COREQ checklist
- SQUIRE checklist
- REMARK checklist
- Catalogue of reporting guidelines (full list)
Introduction to reporting guidelines
- What are reporting guidelines?
- What are the basic requirements
for reporting health research?
- What guidance is available
for reporting research studies?
- How to report data
Use the menu on the left to view reporting guidelines for each type of research.
Most widely recognised guidelines are based on the available evidence and reflect consensus opinion of experts in a particular field, including research methodologists and journal editors.
Reporting guidelines complement advice on scientific writing, which concentrates on the basic writing principles and styles of research reports and publications, and journals' instructions to authors.
Most biomedical journals require authors to comply with the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals prepared by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). This document states the ethical principles in the conduct and reporting of research and provides recommendations relating to specific elements of editing and writing.
The Grey Literature International Steering Committee (GLISC) adapted the ICMJE requirements and created Guidelines for the Production of Scientific and Technical Reports. The guidelines cover ethical considerations, publishing and editorial issues, and report preparation.
In addition to the Uniform Requirements, a number of reporting guidelines were developed by groups of experts to facilitate reporting of research studies. Medical journals, including BMJ, JAMA, Lancet, and NEJM often require compliance to all or some of the following reporting guidelines:
- CONSORT Statement (reporting of randomized controlled trials)
- STARD (reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies)
- STROBE (reporting of observational studies in epidemiology)
- PRISMA (reporting of systematic reviews), which replaced QUOROM
- MOOSE (reporting of meta-analyses of observational studies)
Our website provides a list of all reporting guidelines identified through systematic literature searches that provide guidance for reporting various types of research designs, components of research reports or specific medical conditions or procedures. We have not imposed any limits regarding the methods used for the guideline development.
We also provide examples of editorials introducing the guidelines in journals.
You can use the left-hand menu to browse these guidelines.
The importance of sharing data from research studies is getting more and more attention. The Minimum Information for Biological and Biomedical Investigation (MIBBI) portal provides the latest information on data-reporting standards ('minimum information' checklist) like MIAME for microarray experiments.
Page last edited: 26 March 2013