Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research
Reporting guidelines under development for other study designs or clinical areas:
(year of development in brackets)
RIGHT for Acupuncture (2018)
ARRIVE for Acupuncture (2018)
Meta-ethnography Reporting Guidelines (eMERGe) (registered 11 December 2013)
Development of new guidelines for the reporting of meta-ethnography qualitative evidence syntheses.
Cunningham M, France EF, Ring N, Uny I, Duncan EAS, Roberts RJ, Jepson RG, Maxwell M, Turley RL, Noyes J. Developing a reporting guideline to improve meta-ethnography in health research: the eMERGe mixed-methods study. Health Services and Delivery Research journal, in press.
Uny I, France EF, Noblit GW. Steady and delayed: explaining the different development of meta-ethnography in health care and education. Ethnography and Education. 2017;12(2):243-257. https://doi.org/10.1080/17457823.2017.1282320
France EF, Ring N, Thomas R, Noyes J, Maxwell M, Jepson R. A methodological systematic review of what’s wrong with meta-ethnography reporting. BMC Medical Research Methodology.2014;14:119. PMID: 25407140
Checklist for the conduct and reporting of micro-costing studies in health care (registered 9 June 2014)
A protocol for this guideline was published in 2016: PMID 27707687, full text here.
Reporting Guidelines for IDEAL Prospective Development and Prospective Exploration Studies (registered 31 March 2014)
The IDEAL (Idea, Development, Exploration, Assessment and Long term follow up) framework (1,2) allows for the phased and sequential development of a new surgical innovation, optimizing patient safety as the evidence-base builds in a controlled and purposeful manner.
These guidelines aim to improve the completeness of reports and protocols for IDEAL Prospective Development Studies (PDS – phase 2a) and Prospective Exploration Studies (PES – phase 2b).
1. McCulloch P, Altman DG, Campbell WB, et al, for the Balliol Collaboration. No surgical innovation without evaluation: the IDEAL recommendations. Lancet. 2009; 374: 1105–12. PMID: 19782876
2. Hirst A, Philippou Y, Blazeby J, Campbell B, Campbell M, Feinberg J, Rovers M, Blencowe N, Pennell C, Quinn T, Rogers W, Cook J, Kolias AG, Agha R, Dahm P, Sedrakyan A, McCulloch P. No Surgical Innovation Without Evaluation: Evolution and Further Development of the IDEAL Framework and Recommendations. Ann Surg. 2018. PMID: 29697448
Reporting guidelines for implementation research and operational research (registered 12 August 2015)
Implementation research involves increasing access to health products and strategies that are already available and have been shown to work but remain beyond the reach of many of the people who could benefit from them. It is rooted in the identification of practical problems facing disease control programmes and in finding solutions which improve access to health interventions and lead to better health outcomes. Different research methods may be used depending on the type of problem studied.
Operational research uses an existing resource – the data routinely collected by programmes – to provide ways of improving programme operations and thereby delivering more effective, efficient and equitable care. Implementation and operational research are usually carried out in close collaboration between researchers and disease control programme staff.
Reporting of Home Visiting Effectiveness/Efficacy Research (RoHVER) (registered 2 September 2015)
This project aims to develop a comprehensive set of reporting guidelines for home visiting that improve and enhance the accuracy of reporting home visiting intervention evaluations. Specifically, the reporting guidelines focus on: (1) reporting effectiveness and efficacy studies, (2) incorporation of study designs endorsed by the Home Visiting Effectiveness of Evidence (HomVEE), and (3) inclusion of more thorough guidelines for reporting home visiting intervention design and implementation data.
Reporting of orthotic (splinting) interventions (registered 6 July 2015)
This guideline is intended as an extension or add-on to other guidelines for specific research designs. It addresses how orthotic interventions should be reported within the context of any given quantitative study design.
Designing Economic Evaluation Protocols (DEEP) to adhere to CHEERS (registered 7 October 2016)
A guide to designing economic evaluations to adhere to the CHEERS reporting guideline.
Guideline for reporting the long term impacts of genocide and war (GESUQ) (registered 1 August 2016)
This guideline is being developed to help researchers to report the long term impact of genocides, wars and mass atrocities on mental health.
Patent Landscape Reporting Guidelines (registered 9 June 2016)
We recently conducted a systematic review investigating reporting quality of patent or landscapes in the life sciences that is currently in preparation for submission. The systematic review concluded that articles pertaining to the reporting of patent landscaping were of overall poor quality. Notably, we found a lack of reporting of essential methodological elements with very few manuscripts providing enough information for them to be reproducible. This presents a significant problem as intellectual property (IP) plays a key role within life science research and the information provided in these reviews could very well be used to inform the decisions of academic centres, companies funding and policy. We therefore propose the development of guidelines for the reporting of patent/IP guidelines.
Reporting E-Delphi Studies (REDS) in health research: development of a preferred items checklist (registered 26 October 2016)
Reporting guideline for randomised controlled trials to discontinue chronic medication (registered 26 July 2016)
The guideline aims to provide items to use in the reporting of randomised controlled trials in which chronic medication is discontinued. The guideline can be used as an addition to the CONSORT statement.
Designing, standardizing and monitoring surgical interventions & co-interventions within randomised controlled trials (STITCH-IT) (registered 22 September 2016)
Guidance to help trials teams design surgical interventions in RCTs – to supplement information from CONSORT-NPT, SPIRIT and TIDieR.
The Principles of Evidence-based Reporting in Forensic Medicine (PERFORM) Guidelines (registered 8 August 2016)
The guideline contains international consensus on the minimum items that need to be included in a forensic medical expert opinion and how they should be reported.
Checklist for Reporting In-vitro Studies – CRIS Statement (registered 29 November 2017, updated November 19, 2018)
CRIS statement is a checklist for uniform reporting across in-vitro studies involving dental materials. CRIS will also help in conducting effective systematic reviews and meta-analyses of specific topics, thus bringing out the best evidence. It includes sections that were not previously reported in in-vitro studies such as sample size calculation, sample preparation and handling, randomisation and blinded assessment and improved reporting of statistical methods and results. This checklist aims to promote transparency, reproducibility, validity and completeness while reporting in-vitro studies involving dental materials.
The group plans to publish the reporting guideline around February 2019.
A website has been already created, with the description of the core group, the chronology of activities and publications, here: www.cris-statement.org.
DEVELOPTOOLS (registered 21 June 2017)
This reporting guideline addresses the development of tools such as medical devices, physical assistive devices, eHealth and mHealth applications, patient decision aids, and other tools developed for patients to use.
Intervention Development Reporting Guideline (INDEX) (registered 5 July 2017)
The Index reporting guideline aims to improve the quality and completeness of reporting different approaches to intervention development.
Reporting Items for Public Version of Guidelines: RIGHT-PVG (registered 1 November 2017)
Reporting recommendations for psychometric investigations of patient reported outcome measures (registered 4 April 2017)
This guideline will cover all studies exploring any psychometric property of a patient reported outcome measure.
DevelOpment of Curricula: Tools for Reporting INnovations in Education (DOCTRINE) (registered 16 March 2018)
We are developing a reporting checklist for curriculum development in health professions education. The purpose of this checklist would be to ensure that prospective authors report all essential elements of an educational project to allow future readers to replicate their work. Our review of other reporting checklists in the EQUATOR network shows that the checklists are specific to certain content areas (such as evidence-based practice or team-based learning), whereas our checklist would be generalizable to any health professions educator describing their curriculum as an educational innovation.
Strengthening transparent Reporting of reseArch on uNfinished nursing CARE (RANCARE) (registered 5 April 2018)
Development of a guideline to strengthen transparent and comprehensive reporting of quantitative measurement of unfinished nursing care (also known as missed care, implicit rationing of care, care left undone, tasks left undone). Embedded in the EU-COST Action 15208 (www.rancare-action.eu). This guideline should be considered in addition to the guideline specified for the underlying study’s design (e.g. STROBE).
Consensus Reporting Items for Research in Primary Care (CRISP) (registered 28 August 2018)
The CRISP working group is an international, interprofessional, interdisciplinary team working to improve the reporting of primary care research. Globally, there are no guidelines on the reporting of primary care research. There are specific factors related to primary care research and research translation that warrant guidance in reporting. We will perform a needs assessment to identify common and important areas for improvement in reporting of primary care research. Based upon this review, we will propose either extensions of existing guidelines (one or more) or a new guideline. We plan to use a transparent, explicit, iterative group process to develop guidelines that will be useful across the many methods, populations and settings where primary care research is performed, reported and applied.
CHecklist for conversation Analysis reporTing (CHAT) (registered 29 August 2018)
The scope of this checklist is to enable researchers to assess quality of conversation analytic studies. It can be used to:
(1) assess the quality of reporting, therefore facilitating systematic review and synthesis
(2) provide clear guidelines for authors to ensure that results are presented in a standardised way which maximises their external applicability
This checklist is being developed via the Delphi Consensus process, in collaboration with experts in the field of conversation analysis.
Publications reporting on health interventions or other health research that involves human centred design or design thinking often omit detailed information related to methodology, ethical considerations, and evaluation details. These omissions make it difficult to assess, review, and catalogue such research across disciplines of health and biomedicine. This dearth of information in a research area that is increasingly funded by public agencies, and carried out by and with health stakeholders, presents a problem in that it hinders the ability for building an evidence base, inhibits the opportunity to diffuse innovations, and reduces dissemination of critically important information back to the public. Many issues have resulted in this absence, including barriers of disseminating interdisciplinary research in public health and biomedical journals, lack of incentive for organizations conducting such work to publish it in the scholarly literature (many of whom exist in the private or non-academic sectors), unfamiliarity of the wider health community with the process of research grounded in design, and a lack of rigorous guidance appropriate for scholarly work in this field. The proposed draft set of guidelines is intended to support researchers and practitioners with reporting on the planning, writing, reviewing, and interpretation of research that has used human centred design or design thinking. A draft checklist is intended to serve as a jumping off point for collaborative development of conclusive guidelines that would represent a thorough overview of consensus-based best-practices for utilising design in research to improve health outcomes. Without more frequent reporting and documenting of transparent and evaluable design-based practices in the scholarly literature, such research will not fulfil its potential to complement existing approaches and take further the goal of global health equity. Draft guidance would provide an initial step in a consensus-building process for development of a more definitive set of guidelines for conduct and review of health research using design.
RIGHT for Acupuncture – An Extension of the RIGHT Statement for Clinical Practice Guidelines on Acupuncture (registered 26 October 2018)
In 2017, the International Standard for Reporting Items for practice Guideline in HealThcare (RIGHT) statement was published to enhance transparency and clarity in the process of developing clinical practice guidelines. Although there was a reporting checklist for health care guidelines, there were some barriers in their applicability to acupuncture due to its specificity in terms of manipulations, locations and channels compared to other health care interventions. It is necessary to standardize the reporting checklist for clinical practice guidelines on acupuncture.
This reporting guideline will be prepared as an extended version of the RIGHT, which has the following advantages: 1) To provide regulations for guideline developers; 2) To obtain more precise and clear guidelines for readers and clinical practitioners; and 3) To evaluate the reporting quality of clinical practice guidelines on acupuncture and improve the transparency of research reports for editors and reviewers
The study design will refer to the methodology recommended by the Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research (EQUATOR) Network, modified as appropriate. A literature review will be conducted, and an international multidisciplinary team, including a Development Group, a Delphi Panellists Group and an Advisory Group, will be established. Three rounds of modified Delphi surveys, face-to-face consensus meetings, consultations with advisors, pilot tests of the draft list of reports and promotion of the checklist are designed. The group plans to update the reporting guideline regularly.
ARRIVE for Acupuncture – An extension of the ARRIVE Statement for Animal Research on Acupuncture (registered 21 November 2018)
In June 2010, “Improving Bioscience Research Reporting: The ARRIVE Guidelines for Reporting Animal Research” was published on PLOS BIOLOGY by Carol Kilkenny and has received considerable attention. Although it offered a reporting checklist for animal pre-clinical studies, there were some barriers in their applicability to acupuncture due to its specificity in terms of rationales, details of manipulation, the operation locations and different strength of evidence compared to other health care interventions. Several studies stated that the reporting quality of animal research on acupuncture is poor. It is necessary to standardise the reporting guideline for animal research as an extended version of the ARRIVE guidelines, which has the following advantages: 1) To provide regulations for animal research developers; 2) To obtain more precise and clear guidelines for readers and experimental researchers; and 3) To evaluate the reporting quality of animal research on acupuncture and improve the transparency of research reports for editors and reviewers.
The group will develop the study design according to the methodology recommended by the Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research (EQUATOR) Network, modified as appropriate. They will establish an international multidisciplinary group including clinical practitioners, acupuncturists, researchers of reporting guidelines on acupuncture, clinical epidemiologists and statisticians. The research team consists of three groups: the Development Group, the Delphi Panellists Group and the Advisor Group. They are currently performing a literature review to systematic review the reporting guidelines of acupuncture and case reports of acupuncture published on peer-review articles. Then they will conduct three rounds of modified Delphi surveys, a face-to-face consensus meeting, consultations with advisers, pilot tests of the draft list of reports and promotion of the checklist.
The group plans to publish the study protocol in a peer-review paper soon, and the reporting guideline on December 2021.
Page last updated on 21 November 2018
|Clinical practice guidelines||AGREE||RIGHT|
|Animal pre-clinical studies||ARRIVE|
|Quality improvement studies||SQUIRE|