Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research
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|Reporting guideline provided for?
(i.e. exactly what the authors state in the paper)
|Systematic reviews and meta-analyses
PRISMA checklist (Word) PRISMA flow diagram (Word)
|Full bibliographic reference||Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG, The PRISMA Group. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: The PRISMA Statement.
PLoS Med. 2009; 6(7):e1000097. PMID: 19621072
BMJ. 2009; 339:b2535. PMID: 19622551
Ann Intern Med. 2009;151(4):264-269, W64. PMID: 19622511
J Clin Epidemiol. 2009;62(10):1006-1012. PMID: 19631508
Open Med. 2009;3(3);123-130.
(full-text if available)
|Full-text PDF documents of the PRISMA Statement, checklist, flow diagram and the PRISMA Explanation and Elaboration document are available from:
|Explanation and elaboration papers||Liberati A, Altman DG, Tetzlaff J, Mulrow C, Gøtzsche PC, Ioannidis JP, Clarke M, Devereaux PJ, Kleijnen J, Moher D. The PRISMA Statement for Reporting Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses of Studies That Evaluate Health Care Interventions: Explanation and Elaboration.
PLoS Med. 2009;6(7):e1000100. PMID: 19621070
BMJ. 2009; 339:b2700. PMID: 19622552
Ann Intern Med. 2009;151(4):W65-W94. PMID: 19622512
|Previous versions of this guideline / Guideline history||QUOROM guideline (PRISMA replaces QUOROM)|
|Relevant more generic / specialised reporting guidelines
(i.e. main generic guideline or extension to a generic guideline)
PRISMA-Equity: Welch V, Petticrew M, Tugwell P, Moher D, O'Neill J, Waters E, White H; PRISMA-Equity Bellagio group. PRISMA-Equity 2012 Extension: Reporting Guidelines for Systematic Reviews with a Focus on Health Equity. PLoS Med. 2012;9(10):e1001333. PMID: 23222917
Welch V, Petticrew M, Petkovic J, Moher D, Waters E, White H, Tugwell P; PRISMA-Equity Bellagio group. Extending the PRISMA statement to equity-focused systematic reviews (PRISMA-E 2012): explanation and elaboration.
Int J Equity Health. 2015;14(1):92. PMID: 26450828
J Clin Epidemiol. 2015. PMID: 26348799
PRISMA-Abstracts: Beller EM, Glasziou PP, Altman DG, Hopewell S, Bastian H, Chalmers I, Gøtzsche PC, Lasserson T, Tovey D; PRISMA for Abstracts Group. PRISMA for Abstracts: Reporting Systematic Reviews in Journal and Conference Abstracts. PLoS Med. 2013;10(4):e1001419. PMID: 23585737
PRISMA-P: Moher D, Shamseer L, Clarke M, Ghersi D, Liberati A, Petticrew M, Shekelle P, Stewart LA. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015 statement. Syst Rev. 2015;4(1):1. PMID: 25554246
PRISMA-IPD: Stewart LA, Clarke M, Rovers M, Riley RD, Simmonds M, Stewart G, Tierney JF; PRISMA-IPD Development Group. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses of individual participant data: the PRISMA-IPD Statement. JAMA. 2015;313(16):1657-1665. PMID: 25919529
PRISMA extension for network meta-analyses: Hutton B, Salanti G, Caldwell DM, Chaimani A, Schmid CH, Cameron C, Ioannidis JP, Straus S, Thorlund K, Jansen JP, Mulrow C, Catalá-López F, Gøtzsche PC, Dickersin K, Boutron I, Altman DG, Moher D. The PRISMA Extension Statement for Reporting of Systematic Reviews Incorporating Network Meta-analyses of Health Care Interventions: Checklist and Explanations. Ann Intern Med. 2015;162(11):777-784. PMID: 26030634
PRISMA-harms: Zorzela L, Loke YK, Ioannidis JP, Golder S, Santaguida P, Altman DG, Moher D, Vohra S; PRISMA harms group. PRISMA harms checklist: improving harms reporting in systematic reviews. BMJ. 2016;352:i157. PMID: 26830668
|Reporting guideline website URL||http://www.prisma-statement.org/|
|Reporting guideline acronym||PRISMA|
|Study design||Systematic reviews/Meta-analyses/HTA|
|Applies to the whole report or to individual sections of the report?||Whole report|
|Availability in additional languages||A full-text copy of the PRISMA Statement is available as a PDF document in Spanish, Italian and Portuguese.
The PRISMA checklist is available in Korean as a PDF, in Russian as a PDF document, in Portuguese as a PDF and Word document and in Italian as a PDF document.
The PRISMA flow diagram is available in Korean as a PDF, in Russian as a PDF document, in Portuguese as a PDF and Word document and in Italian as a PDF document.
The PRISMA Explanation and Elaboration document is available as a PDF document in Italian.
Visit our translations page to find out what other reporting guidelines are available in languages other than English: reporting guideline translations
|Additional information||Guidance for developing protocols for systematic reviews and meta-analyses is provided in the PRISMA-P Statement. For further details please visit: PRISMA-P Statement
The PRISMA flow diagram has recently been adapted for use in Cochrane systematic review updates. Further details are available in the article below:
Stovold E, Beecher D, Foxlee R, Noel-Storr A. Study flow diagrams in Cochrane systematic review updates: an adapted PRISMA flow diagram. Syst Rev. 2014 May 29;3:54. PMID: 24886533
|Record last updated on||February 19, 2016|
|Diagnostic / prognostic studies||STARD||TRIPOD|
|Quality improvement studies||SQUIRE|
|Animal pre-clinical studies||ARRIVE|
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Our full catalogue of reporting guidelines is available to download as a PDF: Reporting Guideline Catalogue May 2014.