Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research

Research ethics, publication ethics and good practice guidelines

“Researchers, authors, sponsors, editors and publishers all have ethical obligations with regard to the publication and dissemination of the results of research. Researchers have a duty to make publicly available the results of their research on human subjects and are accountable for the completeness and accuracy of their reports. All parties should adhere to accepted guidelines for ethical reporting. Negative and inconclusive as well as positive results must be published or otherwise made publicly available. Sources of funding, institutional affiliations and conflicts of interest must be declared in the publication. Reports of research not in accordance with the principles of this Declaration should not be accepted for publication.”


Declaration of Helsinki – Ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects


Guidelines and guides

Conflict of interest:

  • ICMJE: Uniform Format for Disclosure of Competing Interests in ICMJE Journals. Updated July 2010: Editorial (PDF); Disclosure form
  • WAME Conflict of Interest Policy Statement. March, 2009
  • Rothman DJ, McDonald WJ, Berkowitz CD, Chimonas SC, DeAngelis CD, Hale RW, et al. Professional medical associations and their relationships with industry: a proposal for controlling conflict of interest. JAMA. 2009;301(13):1367-1372. PMID: 19336712

Publishers’ policies on publication ethics


Other resources

  • Judy E. Stern, Ph.D. and Deni Elliott, Ed.D.The Ethics of Scientific Research. A guidebook for course development. University Press of New England, Hanover, NH, 1997



Some reporting guidelines are also available in languages other than English. Find out more in our Translations section.

About the Library

For information about Library scope and content, identification of reporting guidelines and inclusion/exclusion criteria please visit About the Library.

Visit our Help page for information about searching for reporting guidelines and for general information about using our website.