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STARD 2015: An Updated List of Essential Items for Reporting Diagnostic Accuracy Studies

Reporting guideline provided for?
(i.e. exactly what the authors state in the paper)
Studies of diagnostic accuracy.


STARD 2015 checklist (PDF)          STARD 2015 flow diagram (PDF)

STARD 2015 checklist (Word)

Full bibliographic reference Bossuyt PM, Reitsma JB, Bruns DE, Gatsonis CA, Glasziou PP, Irwig L, LijmerJG Moher D, Rennie D, de Vet HCW, Kressel HY, Rifai N, Golub RM, Altman DG, Hooft L, Korevaar DA, Cohen JF, For the STARD Group. STARD 2015: An Updated List of Essential Items for Reporting Diagnostic Accuracy Studies.

This guideline was published simultaneously in 3 journals. You can read the guideline in any of these journals using the links below.

BMJ. 2015;351:h5527. PMID: 26511519
Radiology. 2015:151516. PMID: 26509226
Clinical Chemistry. 2015. pii: clinchem.2015.246280. PMID: 26510957

Language English
Relevant URLs
(full-text if available)
The full-text of the STARD 2015 reporting guideline for diagnostic accuracy studies is available to download as a PDF file.

Explanation and elaboration papers
Cohen JF, Korevaar DA, Altman DG, Bruns DE, Gatsonis CA, Hooft L, Irwig L, Levine D, Reitsma JB, de Vet HCW, Bossuyt PMM. STARD 2015 guidelines for reporting diagnostic accuracy studies: explanation and elaboration. BMJ Open 2016;6:e012799

Availability in additional languages STARD 2015
The updated STARD 2015 reporting guideline for diagnostic accuracy studies is available in Italian.

The STARD 2015 Checklist is available in Turkish (PDF).

STARD 2003
The following translations of the original STARD guideline published in 2003 are available: Chinese; Dutch; French; Italian; German; Spanish.
The Japanese translation of the STARD Statement is published in the Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Laboratory Medicine. 2004. 52(5):465-471.

The STARD 2003 Checklist is available in Turkish (PDF).

Relevant more generic / specialised reporting guidelines
(i.e. main generic guideline or extension to a generic guideline)
STARDdem: Noel-Storr AH, McCleery JM, Richard E, Ritchie CW, Flicker L, Cullum SJ, Davis D, Quinn TJ, Hyde C, Rutjes AW, Smailagic N, Marcus S, Black S, Blennow K, Brayne C, Fiorivanti M, Johnson JK, Köpke S, Schneider LS, Simmons A, Mattsson N, Zetterberg H, Bossuyt PM, Wilcock G, McShane R. Reporting standards for studies of diagnostic test accuracy in dementia: The STARDdem Initiative. Neurology. 2014;83(4):364-373. PMID: 24944261

STRADAS-paraTB: Gardner IA, Nielsen SS, Whittington RJ, Collins MT, Bakker D, Harris B, Sreevatsan S, Lombard JE, Sweeney R, Smith DR, Gavalchin J, Eda S. Consensus-based reporting standards for diagnostic test accuracy studies for paratuberculosis in ruminants. Prev Vet Med. 2011;101(1-2):18-34. PMID: 21601933

STARD-BLCM: Kostoulas P, Nielsen SS, Branscum AJ, Johnson WO, Dendukuri N, Dhand NK, Toft N, Gardner IA. STARD-BLCM: Standards for the Reporting of Diagnostic accuracy studies that use Bayesian Latent Class Models. Prev Vet Med. 2017; 138:37-47. PMID: 28237234

STARD for Abstracts: Cohen JF, Korevaar DA, Gatsonis CA, Glasziou PP, Hooft L, Moher D, Reitsma JB, de Vet HC, Bossuyt PM; STARD Group. STARD for Abstracts: essential items for reporting diagnostic accuracy studies in journal or conference abstracts. BMJ. 2017;358:j3751. PMID: 28819063

Reporting guideline acronym STARD 2015
Study design Clinical trials, Diagnostic and prognostic studies, Experimental studies, Observational studies
Applies to the whole report or to individual sections of the report? Whole report
Previous versions of this guideline / Guideline history The STARD reporting guideline was originally published in 2003.

Bossuyt PM, Reitsma JB, Bruns DE, Gatsonis CA, Glasziou PP, Irwig LM, Lijmer JG, Moher D, Rennie D, de Vet HC. Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy: the STARD initiative. Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy.

Clin Chem. 2003; 49(1):1-6. PMID: 12507953
BMJ. 2003; 326(7379):41-44. PMID: 12511463
Radiology. 2003; 226(1):24-28. PMID: 12511664
Ann Intern Med. 2003; 138(1):40-44. PMID: 12513043
Am J Clin Pathol. 2003; 119(1):18-22. PMID: 12520693
Clin Biochem. 2003; 36(1):2-7. PMID: 12554053
Clin Chem Lab Med. 2003; 41(1):68-73. PMID: 12636052

Explanation and elaboration
Bossuyt PM, Reitsma JB, Bruns DE, Gatsonis CA, Glasziou PP, Irwig LM, et al. The STARD statement for reporting studies of diagnostic accuracy: explanation and elaboration.

Clin Chem. 2003; 49(1):7-18. PMID: 12507954
Ann Intern Med. 2003; 138(1):W1-12. PMID: 12513067

Other An online fillable STARD checklist is also available via the GoodReports website at https://www.goodreports.org/reporting-checklists/stard/.


The STARD guideline developers have written a paper describing in detail the methods used in the updating process for this reporting guideline. The full-text of this paper is available at: Updating standards for reporting diagnostic accuracy: the development of STARD 2015

Additional information Objective of the STARD initiative
The objective of the STARD initiative is to improve the completeness and transparency of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy, to allow readers to assess the potential for bias in the study (internal validity) and to evaluate its generalisability (external validity).

To contact the STARD group please email Jérémie Cohen, jeremie.cohen@inserm.fr

April 2014: The STARD Group and the EQUATOR Network are working together to enhance the information available on this website about the STARD guideline and initiative.

November 2014: The STARD Group is working to update the STARD guideline. A consensus meeting was held in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, in September 2014 and a first draft updated checklist was prepared. Those interested in the process can contact the STARD initiative for more details.

October 2015: The updated STARD 2015 guideline was published.

Record last updated on March 6, 2023


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