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The CARE Guidelines: Consensus-based Clinical Case Reporting Guideline Development

Reporting guideline provided for?
(i.e. exactly what the authors state in the paper)
For completeness, transparency and data analysis in case reports and data from the point of care.


CARE checklist (PDF)

Full bibliographic reference Gagnier JJ, Kienle G, Altman DG, Moher D, Sox H, Riley D; the CARE Group. The CARE Guidelines: Consensus-based Clinical Case Reporting Guideline Development.

This guideline was published simultaneously in 7 journals. You can read the guideline in any of these journals using the links below.

BMJ Case Rep. 2013; doi: 10.1136/bcr-2013-201554 PMID: 24155002
Global Adv Health Med. 2013;10.7453/gahmj.2013.008
Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2013;110(37):603-608. PMID: 24078847  Full-text in English / Full-text in German
J Clin Epidemiol. 2014;67(1):46-51. PMID: 24035173
J Med Case Rep. 2013;7(1):223. PMID: 24228906  Full-text.
J Diet Suppl. 2013;10(4):381-390. PMID: 24237192
Headache. 2013;53(10):1541-1547. PMID: 24266334

Language English
Relevant URLs
(full-text if available)
The CARE Checklist is available to download in English as a PDF file.

Explanation and elaboration papers
Riley DS, Barber MS, Kienle GS, Aronson JK, von Schoen-Angerer T, Tugwell P, Kiene H, Helfand M, Altman DG, Sox H, Werthmann PG, Moher D, Rison RA, Shamseer L, Koch CA, Sun GH, Hanaway P, Sudak NL, Kaszkin-Bettag M, Carpenter JE, Gagnier JJ. CARE guidelines for case reports: explanation and elaboration document. J Clin Epidemiol. 2017. pii: S0895-4356(17)30037-9. PMID: 28529185
Availability in additional languages The free-to-access CARE Checklist and Case Report Writing Outline for Authors have been translated into various languages and are available at: https://swihm.com/resources/

The CARE guideline paper has been translated into Italian: CARE Italian (PDF)

Relevant more generic / specialised reporting guidelines
(i.e. main generic guideline or extension to a generic guideline)
Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork: Munk N, Boulanger K. Adaptation of the CARE Guidelines for Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork Publications: Efforts To Improve the Impact of Case Reports. Int J Ther Massage Bodywork. 2014;7(3):32-40. PMID: 25184013

CARE-radiology: Wang M, Luo X, Xiao X, Zhang L, Wang Q, Wang S, Wang X, Xue H, Zhang L, Chen Y, Lei J, Štupnik T, Scarci M, Fiorelli A, Laisaar T, Fruscio R, Elkhayat H, Novoa NM, Davoli F, Waseda R, Estill J, Norris SL, Riley DS, Tian J. CARE-radiology statement explanation and elaboration: reporting guideline for radiological case reports. BMJ Evid Based Med. 2024:bmjebm-2023-112695. PMID: 38458654

Reporting guideline website URL http://www.care-statement.org/
Reporting guideline acronym CARE
Study design Observational studies
Applies to the whole report or to individual sections of the report? Whole report
Other An online fillable CARE checklist is also available via the GoodReports website at https://www.goodreports.org/reporting-checklists/care/.

Additional information The CARE steering group have developed a flow diagram for how a clinician should consider approaching collecting data when seeing a patient or doing a chart review so that it can be systematically collected and written with the CARE guidelines. The flow diagram is available to download: CARE Flow Diagram (PDF)

The CARE 2013 and 2017 articles as well as other free-to-access publications are available to download at https://www.care-statement.org/publications

Additional free-to-access online information including timeline examples and instructions for creating timelines are available at https://swihm.com/resources

Record last updated on April 2, 2024


Some reporting guidelines are also available in languages other than English. Find out more in our Translations section.

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